Skip to content

Human Tim-3/HAVCR2 Protein 4430

$240.00$800.00

Summary

  • Expression: HEK293
  • Functional: Yes (ELISA)
  • Amino Acid Range: Ser22-Arg200
SKU: 4430parent Categories: , Tags: , , ,
Weight1 lbs
Dimensions9 × 5 × 2 in
accession

Q8TDQ0

express system

HEK293

product tag

C-His

purity

> 95% as determined by Tris-Bis PAGE;> 95% as determined by HPLC

background

Hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2 (HAVCR2), also known as T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-3 (TIM-3), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HAVCR2 gene.TIM3 is an immune checkpoint and together with other inhibitory receptors including programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and lymphocyte activation gene 3 protein (LAG3) mediate the CD8 T-cell exhaustion. TIM3 has also been shown as a CD4 Th1-specific cell surface protein that regulates macrophage activation and enhances the severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice.

molecular weight

The protein has a predicted MW of 20.7 kDa, Due to glycosylation, the protein migrates to 50-60 kDa based on Tris-Bis PAGE result.

available size

100 µg, 500 µg

endotoxin

Less than 1EU per μg by the LAL method.

Human Tim-3/HAVCR2 Protein 4430

protein
Size and concentration
100, 500µg and lyophilized
Form
Lyophilized
Storage Instructions
Valid for 12 months from date of receipt when stored at -80°C. Recommend to aliquot the protein into smaller quantities for optimal storage. Please minimize freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage buffer
Shipped at ambient temperature.
Purity
> 95% as determined by Tris-Bis PAGE
target relevance
Hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2 (HAVCR2), also known as T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-3 (TIM-3), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HAVCR2 gene.TIM3 is an immune checkpoint and together with other inhibitory receptors including programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and lymphocyte activation gene 3 protein (LAG3) mediate the CD8 T-cell exhaustion. TIM3 has also been shown as a CD4 Th1-specific cell surface protein that regulates macrophage activation and enhances the severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice.
Protein names
Hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2 (HAVcr-2) (T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3) (TIMD-3) (T-cell immunoglobulin mucin receptor 3) (TIM-3) (T-cell membrane protein 3) (CD antigen CD366)
Gene names
HAVCR2,HAVCR2 TIM3 TIMD3
Protein family
Immunoglobulin superfamily, TIM family
Mass
9606Da
Function
FUNCTION: Cell surface receptor implicated in modulating innate and adaptive immune responses. Generally accepted to have an inhibiting function. Reports on stimulating functions suggest that the activity may be influenced by the cellular context and/or the respective ligand (PubMed:24825777). Regulates macrophage activation (PubMed:11823861). Inhibits T-helper type 1 lymphocyte (Th1)-mediated auto- and alloimmune responses and promotes immunological tolerance (PubMed:14556005). In CD8+ cells attenuates TCR-induced signaling, specifically by blocking NF-kappaB and NFAT promoter activities resulting in the loss of IL-2 secretion. The function may implicate its association with LCK proposed to impair phosphorylation of TCR subunits, and/or LGALS9-dependent recruitment of PTPRC to the immunological synapse (PubMed:24337741, PubMed:26492563). In contrast, shown to activate TCR-induced signaling in T-cells probably implicating ZAP70, LCP2, LCK and FYN (By similarity). Expressed on Treg cells can inhibit Th17 cell responses (PubMed:24838857). Receptor for LGALS9 (PubMed:16286920, PubMed:24337741). Binding to LGALS9 is believed to result in suppression of T-cell responses; the resulting apoptosis of antigen-specific cells may implicate HAVCR2 phosphorylation and disruption of its association with BAG6. Binding to LGALS9 is proposed to be involved in innate immune response to intracellular pathogens. Expressed on Th1 cells interacts with LGALS9 expressed on Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected macrophages to stimulate antibactericidal activity including IL-1 beta secretion and to restrict intracellular bacterial growth (By similarity). However, the function as receptor for LGALS9 has been challenged (PubMed:23555261). Also reported to enhance CD8+ T-cell responses to an acute infection such as by Listeria monocytogenes (By similarity). Receptor for phosphatidylserine (PtSer); PtSer-binding is calcium-dependent. May recognize PtSer on apoptotic cells leading to their phagocytosis. Mediates the engulfment of apoptotic cells by dendritic cells. Expressed on T-cells, promotes conjugation but not engulfment of apoptotic cells. Expressed on dendritic cells (DCs) positively regulates innate immune response and in synergy with Toll-like receptors promotes secretion of TNF-alpha. In tumor-imfiltrating DCs suppresses nucleic acid-mediated innate immune repsonse by interaction with HMGB1 and interfering with nucleic acid-sensing and trafficking of nucleid acids to endosomes (By similarity). Expressed on natural killer (NK) cells acts as a coreceptor to enhance IFN-gamma production in response to LGALS9 (PubMed:22323453). In contrast, shown to suppress NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity (PubMed:22383801). Negatively regulates NK cell function in LPS-induced endotoxic shock (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q8VIM0, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11823861, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14556005, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16286920, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22323453, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23555261, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24838857, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26492563, ECO:0000269|PubMed:30374066, ECO:0000305|PubMed:24825777}.
Subellular location
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Membrane {ECO:0000305}; Single-pass type I membrane protein {ECO:0000305}. Cell junction {ECO:0000269|PubMed:24337741}. Cell membrane {ECO:0000269|PubMed:30374066}. Note=Localizes to the immunological synapse between CD8+ T-cells and target cells. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:24337741}.
Tissues
TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Expressed in T-helper type 1 (Th1) lymphocytes. Expressed on regulatory T (Treg) cells after TCR stimulation. Expressed in dendritic cells and natural killer (NK) cells. Expressed in epithelial tissues. Expression is increased on CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In progressive HIV-1 infection, expression is up-regulated on HIV-1-specific CD8 T-cells. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11823861, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17069754, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18006747, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19001139, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19587053, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22323453, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22383801, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24838857}.
Structure
SUBUNIT: Interacts with HMGB1; impairs HMGB1 binding to B-DNA and likely HMGB1-mediated innate immune response (By similarity). Interacts with BAG6 (By similarity). Interacts (phosphorylated) with PIK3R1 and PIK3R2. Interacts (not dependent on its phosphorylation status) with FYN (By similarity). Interacts (in basal state T-cells) with VAV1; AKT1/2, LCP2, ZAP70, SYK, PIK3R1, FYN, SH3BP2 and SH2D2A. Interacts (in activated T-cells) with LCK and PLCG (PubMed:24337741, PubMed:26492563). Interacts with ILF3; this interaction promotes ILF3 ubiquitination and degradation (PubMed:34110282). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q8VIM0, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24337741, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26492563, ECO:0000269|PubMed:34110282}.
Post-translational modification
PTM: O-glycosylated with core 1 or possibly core 8 glycans. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:22171320}.; PTM: Phosphorylated on tyrosine residues; modestly increased after TCR/CD28 stimulation. Can be phosphorylated in the cytoplasmatic domain by FYN (By similarity). Phosphorylation at Tyr-265 is increased by stimulation with ligand LGALS9. {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q8VIM0, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17069754, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24337741}.
Target Relevance information above includes information from UniProt accession : Q8TDQ0
The UniProt Consortium

Data

ELISA with Human Tim-3/HAVCR2 Protein
Immobilized Human TIM-3, His Tag at 0.5µg/ml (100µl/Well) on the plate. Dose response curve for Anti-TIM-3 Antibody, hFc Tag with the EC50 of 4.5ng/ml determined by ELISA.
HPLC of Human Tim-3/HAVCR2 Protein
The purity of Human TIM-3 is greater than 95% as determined by SEC-HPLC.
SDS-PAGE gel of Human Tim-3/HAVCR2 Protein
Human TIM-3 on Tris-Bis PAGE under reduced condition. The purity is greater than 95%.

Publications

Published literature highly relevant to the biological target of this product and referencing this antibody or clone are retrieved from PubMed database provided by The United States National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health.




pmidtitleauthorscitation

Protocols

relevant to this product

Documents

#
No results found

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review.